Ghana, also known as the Gold coast of Africa, is not only rich in gold but in cultural sites, traditions and customs. The country is situated on the coast of West Africa. Its neighbouring countries are Burkina Faso, Togo and Cote d’Ivoire. The capital city is Accra and the local currency is the Ghanaian Cedi (GHS)
Fun Fact! Ghana means Warrior King.
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So, let’s break this country up into PARTS.
The different ethnic groups in Ghana are Akan, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, Ga-Dangme, Gurma, Guan, Grusi, Ashanti and Mande. The Guan people are the country’s eldest ethnic group arriving in the country around 1000 AD. English is the country’s official language. But 40 different languages are spoken within the country with over 70 different dialects spoken. Twi, Ashanti and Dagbani are some commonly spoken dialects. The Ghanaian people are taught religious tolerance and are aware of their historical heritage such as Adrinkra. Adinkra is a form of writing which used symbols. This was used by the Akan group to preserve their culture.
In Accra, Kwame Memorial park and Mausoleum, this landmark dedicated to former president Kwame Nkrumah is a sight not to be missed. Labadi beach is a great place to go to relax and take in the beauty of the country. A little north from Accra is Aburi Botanical Garden. This place is nothing short of a fairy tale walk. With some beautiful scenic points and abundance of wildlife, you are sure to become one with nature here.
The Cape coast is also a great region to visit with so much to see and do. Cape Coast castle and Elimna Castle are UNESECO World heritage sites allowing you to walk back into the slave trade era.
Kakum National Park or Mole National Park is home to over 40 different types of large mammals and 200 species of birds.
Lake Volta is the largest artificial lake in the world which can be seen from space! But you don’t need to go all the way to space to see it. Why not book a tour to see this amazing lake yourself? If this is not enough water for you why not head over to Wli Waterfalls.
Rituals and Culture
Christianity is the main religion with Islam being the second largest religion. Native religions such as Akom are still commonly practiced.
Some traditional staple Ghanaian foods include plantain, yam, okra and fufu. Some specialties include Kenkey (fermented maize) and jollof rice (Rice cooked with tomato sauce and red palm oil).
Shared taxis are very much a thing in Ghana alongside people hitching a ride. So, don’t be afraid if someone else hops into your taxi.