Algeria, Africa’s largest country occupying 7% of the continent. The country is located in northern Africa, by the Mediterranean sea. The bordering countries are Libya, Mali Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia and the Western Sahara. The capital city of Algeria is Algiers and the local currency is Algerian dinar (DZD).
Fun fact: More than 80% of the country’s land is a desert.
If you’d like to know some more interesting facts about Algeria feel free to watch my YouTube video below
So let's break this country up into PARTS.
Algerian people are mainly descendants from the Berbers, other ethnic groups such as the Romans and Turks contribute to Algeria’s ethnic makeup. The most common languages in Algeria are Arabic and Tamazight as they are the country’s official languages. French is also commonly spoken as they are a former French colony.
If you are in the capital, Algiers, there’s so much to do. Why not wonder through the Kasbah of Algiers, A unique and old citadel. Or look at The Palais des Rais: A beautiful art museum consisting of multiple palaces and small houses and the Basilique Notre Dame d’Afrique; a beautiful Catholic basilica. Before relaxing at the Le Jardin d’Essa; du Hamma, a beautiful and well-preserved public garden.
Or if you’re looking for attractions outside the capital, take a wonder at:
Oran; the second largest city in Algeria with its own beautiful mosques and other architectural wonders.
– Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad; this world heritage site is an archaeological wonder, located in the far north eastern side of the country and showcases the ruins of the Hammadid civilisation.
– Djemila; Roman ruins of temples, cathedral and churches
Rituals and Culture
96% of the population are Sunni Muslims with the rest being made up of other religions such as Christianity (1%).
Algerian cuisine is a mixture of different cultures making up their ethnic background. Some must try cuisines include Chakhchoukha, Harira (tomato and lentil soup) and couscous (the national dish).
– Protect your skin! This country’s makeup is mainly desert and so you can imagine how hot the country can get. Remember to stay hydrated and pack lots of sunscreen on.
– Modesty is essential, especially as a woman. As the country is a Muslim country, foreign women and men should dress modestly to respect the culture.
– Learn the language. It may be useful to learn a little Arabic or French as English is not commonly spoken in smaller cities.
– Once the sun goes down in the desert, it can get very cold, so make sure you take this into consideration when booking your tour.